When is comes to learning the personal finance basics; there are four main areas that relate to your financial well being that are well worth mastering. Budgeting, Investing, Debt Management and Insurance.
In order to do any of the latter four you must first start with good budgeting. Without a basic budget that you adhere to it; becomes impossible to manage your money and create wealth least of all manage your debts if you have them.
The 4 Pillers of Personal Finance Management
It is necessary to consider both your income and your expenses, when creating a personal budget. After you have listed out your income and expenses; you begin to set your goals for what you plan to spend your income on and what you plan to save etc. A good budget forms the foundation of personal finance basics.
Working without a budget can lead to uncontrollable finances as you see your paycheck disappear or money unaccounted for go mission. When you create a budget, you begin to see a get a picture of how much money you have to live on, what you have to spend, whether or not you can take on debt or save and if you need to find a way to earn more money.
To get the most out of personal financial management effectively, it is important to plan wisely when and how and where you need to invest the money. Investing wisely means one day you can live off leverage of your money rather than working for an hourly wage, it can also be the difference between a comfortable retirement and one of struggle.
An investment is any asset that makes money for you – not costs money. For example, your home is not an investment because it costs you money. You may gain capital over time from your home but when you sell it, the capital usually covers, if you’ve been smart, the price of a new upgraded home. it doesn’t provide you with an income so strictly speaking is not an investment.
Getting a basic handling over debt management starts with not taking on debt you have no idea how you can pay, or you have not idea how you will pay it back if you loose your job.
Mismanagement of debt due to overspending, insufficient budget or high interest rates can quickly plunge you into a downward spiral. The debt management strategy is to avoid getting debt in the first place.
The basic insurance policy you generally need for personal insurance is income protection, car insurance and health insurance. Of course if you are a home owner then you’ll need mortgage and house and content insurance. Everything else after that is optional, depending on your circumstances, income, and wealth.
The basics of personal financial management are related to analyzing your current financial situation, setting short-term and long-term financial goals, setting execution for these goals, executing goals and monitoring growth, re-evaluating achievements and making mandatory adjustments to obtain desirable results.